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Contents

 

Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

Findings --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2

Tables

  1. Appliances ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
  2. Cabinetry and Storage ---------------------------------------------------------------- 7
  3. Concrete and Masonry ---------------------------------------------------------------- 8
  4. Countertops --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
  5. Decks ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
  6. Doors ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
  7. Electrical and Lighting ----------------------------------------------------------------- 9
  8. Engineered Lumber ------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
  9. Faucet and Fixtures ------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
  10. Flooring ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
  11. Footings and Foundations ----------------------------------------------------------- 10
  12. Framing and Other Structural System ----------------------------------------------- 10
  13. Garages ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
  14. Home Technology -------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
  15. HVAC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11
  16. Insulation and Infiltration Barriers -------------------------------------------------- 12
  17. Jobsite Equipment -------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
  18. Molding and Millwork ----------------------------------------------------------------- 12
  19. Paint, Caulks and Adhesives -------------------------------------------------------- 12
  20. Panels -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13
  21. Roofing ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13
  22. Siding and Accessories --------------------------------------------------------------- 14
  23. Site and Landscaping ---------------------------------------------------------------- 14
  24. Walls, Ceilings and Finishes --------------------------------------------------------- 15
  25. Windows & Skylights ------------------------------------------------------------------ 15

 

 

National Association of Home Builders/

Bank of America Home Equity

Study of Life Expectancy of Housing Components

 

Introduction

 

            The life expectancies of the components of a home depend on the quality of installation, the level of maintenance, weather and climate conditions, and the intensity of use.  Some components may remain functional but become obsolete due to changing styles and preferences or improvements in newer products while others may have a short life expectancy due to intensive use.

            The average life expectancy for some components has increased during the past 35 years because of new products and the introduction of new technologies, while the average life of others has declined.  NAHB's last such study on the life expectancy of housing components was published in Housing Economics in August 1993.

 

U.S. Housing Stock

 

            The 2005 American Housing Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau shows that there are more than 124 million homes in the housing stock, with a median age of 32 years.  About one-third of the housing stock was built in 1960 or earlier.  About 10 percent was built in the 1960s, and another 20 percent was built in the 1990s and 8 percent in the first years of the 21st century.

            Of the total stock of 124.3 housing units, about 109 million are occupied housing unites, 11.6 million are vacant and about 4 million are seasonal.  Two-thirds of all units in the nation's housing stock are single-family detached or attached, 8 percent are in buildings with 2 to 4 units, and about 17 percent are in buildings with 5 or more units.  The remaining 7 percent of the stock is in HUD-code homes.

            About 18 percent of the occupied housing stock is in the Northeast, 23 percent is in the Midwest, 37 percent is in the South, and 21 percent is in the West.

 

The Study

 

            In the summer of 2006, NAHB conducted a comprehensive telephone survey of manufacturers, trade associations and researchers to develop information about the longevity of housing components.

            Many of the people interviewed emphasized that the life expectancy of housing components is greatly affected by the quality of maintenance.  They also noted that changing consumer preferences can result in products being replaced long before - or after - the end of their practical life expectancy.

            This article provides a synopsis of the survey results (Table 1).

 

(Note: This report should be used as a general guideline only.  None of the information in this report should be interpreted as a representation, warranty or guarantee regarding the life expectancy or performance of any individual product or product line.  Readers should not make buying decisions and/or product selections based soley on the information contained in this report.)

 

Findings

 

Appliances

              The life expectancy of a typical appliance depends to a great extent on the use it receives.  Moreover, appliances are often replaced long before they are worn out because changes in styling, technology and consumer preferences make newer products more desirable.  Of the major appliances in a home, gas ranges have the longest life expectancy; 15 years.  Dryers and refrigerators last about 13 years.  Some of the appliances with the shortest lifespan are: compactors (6 years), dishwashers (9 years) and microwave ovens (9 years).

 

Cabinetry and Storage

              Kitchens are becoming larger and more elaborate, and together with the family room, modern kitchens now form the "great room."  Great rooms are not only a place to cook, but also a space where people gather to read, eat, do homework, surf the Internet and pay bills.  Kitchen cabinets are expected to last up to 50 years, medicine cabinets for 20+ years, and garage/laundry cabinets for 100+ years.  Closet shelves are expected to last for a lifetime.

 

Concrete and Masonry

              Masonry is one of the most durable components of a home.  Chimneys, fireplaces and brick veneers can last a lifetime, and brick walls have an average life expectancy of more than 100 years.

 

Countertops

              Natural stone countertops, which are less expensive than a few years ago, are gaining in popularity and are expected to last a lifetime.  Cultured marble countertops have a life expectancy of about 20 years.

 

Decks

            Because they are subject to a wide range of conditions in different climates, the life expectancy of wooden decks can vary significantly.  Under ideal conditions, they have a life expectancy of about 20 years.

 

Doors

            Exterior fiberglass, steel and wood doors will last as long as the house exists, while vinyl and screen doors have a life expectancy of 20 and 40 years, respectively.  Closet doors are expected to last a lifetime, and French doors have an average life of 30 to 50 years.

 

Electrical and Lighting

            Copper plated wiring, copper clad aluminum, and bare copper wiring are expected to last a lifetime, whereas electrical accessories and lighting controls are expected to last 10+ years.

 

Engineered Lumber 

            Floor and roof trusses and laminated strand lumber are expected to last a lifetime, and engineered trim is expected to last 30 years.

 

Faucets and Fixtures

              Kitchen sinks made of modified acrylic will last 50 years, while kitchen faucets will work properly for about 15 years.  The average life of bathroom shower enclosures is 50 years.  Showerheads last a lifetime, while shower doors will last about 20 years.  Bath cabinets and toilets have an unlimited lifespan, but the components inside the toilet tank do require some maintenance.  Whirlpool tubs will function properly for 20 to 50 years, depending on use.

 

Flooring

              All natural wood floorings have a life expectancy of 100 years or more.  Marble, slate, and granite are also expected to last for about 10 years, but can last less due to a lack of maintenance.  Vinyl floors last up to 50 years, linoleum about 25 years, and carpet between 8 and 10 years (with appropriate maintenance and normal traffic).

 

Footings and Foundations

              Poured as well as concrete block footings and foundations last a lifetime, assuming they were properly built.  Termite proofing of foundations will last about 12 years if the chemical barriers put in place during construction are left intact.  Waterproofing with bituminous coating lasts 10 years, but if it cracks it is immediately damaged.  Concrete or cast iron waste pipes are expected to last 100 years or more.

 

Framing and Other Structural Systems

              Framing and structural systems have extended longevities; poured-concrete systems, timber frame houses and structural insulated panels will all last a lifetime.  Wall panels and roof and floor trusses will similarly last a lifetime.  Softwood, hardboard, and plywood last an average of 30 years, while OSB and particleboard are expected to function properly for 60 years.

 

Garages

              Garage door openers are expected to last 10 to 15 years, and light inserts for 20 years.

 

Home Technology

              Home technology systems have various life expectancies.  While a built-in audio system will last 20 years, security systems and heat/smoke detectors have life expectancies of 5 to 10 years.  Wireless home networks and home automation systems are expected to work properly for more than 50 years.

 

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)

              Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems require proper and regular maintenance in order to work efficiently, but even in the best case scenarios most components of such systems only last 15 to 25 years.  Furnaces on average last 15-20 years, heat pumps 16 years, and air conditioning units 10-15 years.  Tankless water heaters last more than 20 years, while an electric or gas water heater has a life expectancy of about 10 years.  Thermostats usually are replaced before the end of their 35-year lifespan due to technological improvements.

 

Insulation and Infiltration Barriers

              As long as they are not punctured, cut or burned and are kept dry and away from UV rays, the cellulose, fiberglass, and foam used in insulation materials will last a lifetime.  This is true whether the insulation was applied as loose fill, house wrap, or batts/rolls.

 

Jobsite Equipment

              Ladders are expected to last a lifetime, and life expectancy of lifts is about 8 to 10 years.

 

Molding and Millwork

              Custom millwork will last a lifetime, and all stairs - circular and spiral stairs, pre-built stairs and attic stairs - are expected to last a lifetime.

 

Paint, Caulks and Adhesives

              Both interior and exterior points can last for 15 years or longer, however home owners often paint more frequently.

 

Panels

              Hardboard panels and softwood panels are expected to last 30 years, while oriented strand board and particleboard have a life expectancy of 60 years.  Wall panels are expected to last a lifetime.

 

Roofing

              The life of a roof depends on local weather conditions, proper building and design, material quality, and adequate maintenance.  Slate, copper, and clay/concrete roofs have the longest life expectancy - over 50 years.  Roofs made of asphalt shingles last for about 20 years while roofs made of fiber cement shingles have a life expectancy of about 25 years, and roofs made of wood shakes can be expected to last for about 30 years.

 

Siding and Accessories

              Outside materials typically last a lifetime.  Brick, vinyl, engineered wood, stone (both natural and manufactured), and fiber cement will last as long as the house exists.  Exterior wood shutters are expected to last 20 years, depending on weather conditions.  Gutters have a life expectancy of more than 50 years if made of copper and for 20 years if made of aluminum.  Copper downspouts last 100 years or more, while aluminum ones will last 30 years.

 

Site and Landscaping

              Most landscaping elements have a life expectancy of 15 to 25 years.  Sprinklers and valves last about 20 years, while underground PVC piping has a lifespan of 25 years.  Polyvinyl fences are designed to last a lifetime, and asphalt driveways should last between 15 and 20 years.

            Tennis courts can last a lifetime if recoated; most coatings last 12 to 15 years.  The concrete shell of a swimming pool is expected to last over 25 years, but the interior plaster and tile have life expectancies of about 10 - 25 years.

 

Walls, Ceilings and Finishes

              Walls and ceilings last the full lifespan of the home.

 

Windows and Skylights

              Aluminum windows are expected to last between 15 and 20 years while wooden windows should last upwards of 30 years.

 

  

 

Life in Years

1.  APPLIANCES

 

      Exhaust Fan

      Compactors

      Dishwashers

      Disposers, Food Waste

      Dryers, Electric

      Dryers, Gas

      Freezers

      Microwave Ovens

      Ranges, Electric

      Ranges, Gas

      Range/Oven Hoods

      Refrigerators, Compact

      Refrigerators, Standard

      Washers

      Water Heaters, Electric

      Water Heaters, Gas

      Air-Conditioners, Room

      Air-Conditioners, Unitary

      Boilers, Electric

      Boilers, Gs

      Dehumidifiers

      Furnaces, Warm-Air, Electric

      Furnaces, Warm-Air, Gas

      Furnaces, Warm-Air, Oil

      Heat Pumps

      Humidifiers

 

**Note: Life expectancy is based on first-owner use.

10

6

9

12

13

13

11

9

13

15

14

9

13

10

11

10

10

15

13

21

8

15

18

20

16

8

 

Source: Appliance Magazine, Sept. 2005 Issue, Grainger

2.  Cabinetry & Storage

 

Cabinet Lines

 

   Bath Cabinets

   Entertainment Ctrs/Home Office

   Garage/Laundry Cabinets

   Kitchen Cabinets

   Medicine Cabinets

 

Manufacturing Types

   Modular/Stock

 

Closet Systems

   Closet Shelves

 

Source: Wellborn Cabinet, Zaca, Timberlake Cabinet Co., Easyclosets.com

 

 

Lifetime

10

100+

50

20+

 

 

50

 

 

Lifetime

 

Cabinet Company, Moduline, Canyon Creek

 

 

Life in Years

3.  CONCRETE & MASONRY

 

 

      Brick

      Veneer

      Calking (for sealer)

 

**Source: General Shale Brick, NHACP &

 

100+

Lifetime

2-20

 

NCSG, Sashco Sealants

4.  COUNTERTOPS

 

 

      Cultured Marble

      Natural Stone

      Tile

      Wood

 

**Source: Rynone, Buffalo Stone, Architectural

Florida Tile Industries, United States Ceramic

 

20

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

Products by Outwater, Formica, Gibco Services,

Tile Co., Nat'l Hardwood Flooring & Moulding

•5.     DECKS

 

 

      Wood

 

      Deck Planks

 

**Source: Decks.com, Timbertech

 

  • 20 Dry areas last 20-25, South 10-15, North 20-30

25

•6.     DOORS

 

 

   Exterior Doors

      Fiberglass

      Screen

      Steel, Fire-Rated

      Vinyl

      Wood

 

   Interior Doors

      French

      Closet

 

**Source: Fiberframe, Neoporte, Timeline  Marvin Windows & Doors, Victoriana East,

 

 

Lifetime

40  Pine 20 yrs, Cedar 40 yrs, Mahogany 60 yrs.

Lifetime

20

Lifetime

 

 

30 - 50

Lifetime

 

Products/Timeline Vinyl Windows, Kestrel,

Coppa Woodworking, Inc.

 

 

Life in Years

7.  ELECTRICAL & LIGHTING

 

 

      Accessories

      Lighting Controls

 

   Copper Wiring

      Copper Plated

     

Copper Clad Aluminum

      Bare Copper

 

**Source: Lutron Electronics, Lighting Controls

   

 

10+

10+

 

 

Lifetime - if used in a non-corrosive environment

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

Association, Copper Development Assoc.

8.  ENGINEERED LUMBER

 

 

      Engineered Trim

      Laminated Strand Lumber

      Laminated Veneer Lumber

      Trusses, Floor

      Trusses, Roof

 

**Source: Engineered Wood Association,

Georgia Pacific Corp., Lumber Specialties

 

 

30

Lifetime

30+

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

 

 

9.  FAUCETS & FIXTURES

 

 

      Accessible/ADA Products

      Faucets, Bar/Hospitality

      Faucets, Kitchen Sinks

      Faucets, Lavatory

      Faucets, Tub/Shower

      Faucets, Toilets/Bidets

 

 

      Saunas/Steam Room

      Shower Doors

      Shower Enclosures/Modules

      Showerheads

      Toilets/Bidets

 

     

 

 

      Whirlpool Tubs

 

   Sinks: Kitchen & others

 

      Enamel Steel

      Modified Acrylic

      Soapstone

 

**Source: Delta Faucet Co., Grohe, Kohler Co., Moen, Plexicor (part of Karran), Toto USA, Acquinox, Alumax,

 

Lifetime

15

15

20+

20_

10 - Wear issues depending on use, new cartridges or seals

15-20

20+

50

Lifetime

Lifetime - The components inside toilet tank & valves that operate bidet will require occasional maintenance

 

20-50 - Lifespan of the rotating engine depends on the use made of the tub.

 

 

 

 

5-10

50

100+

 

Alsons, Karran, Green Mtn. Soapstone Corp., Saunastore

 

 

10.  FLOORING

 

      All Wooden Floors

      Bamboo

      Brick Pavers

      Carpet

      Concrete

      Engineered Wood

      Exotic Wood

      Granite

      Laminate

      Linoleum

      Marble

      Slate

      Tile

      Vinyl

      Other Domestic Wood

      Terrazo

 

**Source: Marble Institute of America, Berg &  National Wood Flooring Association, General

America, Concrete Designs, Formica Corp.,

Monarch Ceramic Tile

Lifetime

Lifetime

100+

8-10

50+

50+

Lifetime

100+

15-25

25

100+

100

75-100

50

Lifetime

75+

 

Berg, Dal-Tile Corporation, Floortec,

Shale Brick, Masland Carpets, Beaulieu of

Linoleumstore.com, DePaoli Mosaic,

11. FOOTINGS & FOUNDATIONS

 

      Poured Footings & Foundations

      Concrete Block

     

      Termite Proofing

     

 

     Bituminous Coating Waterproofing

      Pargeting with Ionite

 

      Baseboard System

 

   Plumbing

      Concrete Waste Pipe

      Cast Iron Waste Pipe

 

**Source: Dry Up Basement, Unexco, Cast Iron

Association, National Ready Mixed Concrete

Lifetime

Lifetime - Properly built foundations last indefinitely

"Pre-treatment during construction; longevity of treatment depends on disturbance or not of the chemical barriers in place."

If it cracks, it is immediately damaged.

It is not typical in a residential setting.  Its downfall is when it cracks.

50

 

 

100

100

 

Soil Pipe Institute, American Concrete Pipe

Association, Quikrete

 

•12.             Framing & Other Struc'l Systems

 

      Poured- Concrete Systems

      Structural Insulated Panels

      Timber Frame Homes

 

**Source: ConForm Pacific, NGS Materials, Post & Beam Factory

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

13. GARAGES

 

      Garage Door Openers

      Light Inserts

 

**Source: Wayne-Dalton Corporation

10 - 15

20

 

14. HOME TECHNOLOGY

 

      Audio, Built-in

      Heat/Smoke Detectors

 

      Home Automation Systems

      Home Networks, Wireless

      Security Systems

 

** Source: LiteTouchHome Director, HDT &

Home Seer

20

<10 - Nat'l Fire Alarm Code requires that detectors be replaced every 10 years

Lifetime

50+

5-10

 

Slomin's Home Security, Home Director,

15. HVAC

 

      Air Conditioners

      Air Quality Systems

      Boilers

      Dehumidifiers

      Ducting

      Furnaces

      Heat Pumps

      Heat Recovery Ventilators

      Thermostats

      Ventilators

      Water Heaters, Tankless

      Electric Radiant Heater

      Hot Water or Steam Radiant Heater

      Diffusers, Grilles, and Registers

      Induction and Fan-Coil Units

      Dampers

      DX, Water or Steam

      Electric

      Shell-and-Tube

      Molded Insulation

      Burners

 

 

**Source: CenterPoint Energy & Trane Resid'l

Point Energy, Air Quality Engineering, Center

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers,

& Air-Conditioning Engineers, EWC Controls,

US Dept of Energy, Radiant Electric Heat,

Magazine

10-15

15

13-21

8

10

15-20

16

20+

35

7

20+

40

15+

25

10-15

20+

20

15

20

Lifetime - Not usually used residentially.

Oil burners need more maintenance & don't last as long as gas burners.

 

System Group, Smarter Way Inc., Center

Point Energy & Luxaire Unitary Products,

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating

Fantech, No. American Insulation Mfg. Assoc.

Radiantec, Power Flame Inc, Appliance

16. INSULATION & INFILTRATION BARRIERS

 

   Insulation Material

      Cellulose

      Fiberglass

      Foam

 

   Insulation Type

      Batts/Rolls

      House Wrap

      Loose File

 

**Source: DuPont, National Fiber, Johns Manville

Insulation Manufacturer Association

 

100+

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

 

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

RHH Foam Systems, No. American

17. JOBSITE EQUIPMENT

 

 

      Ladders

      Lifts

 

**Source: Putnam Rolling Ladder Company,

 

Lifetime

8-10

 

Genie Industries

18. MOLDING & MILLWORK

 

 

      Custom Millwork

      Stair Parts

      Stairs, Circular & Spiral

      Stairs, Prebuilt

      Stairs, Attic

 

**Source: York Spiral StairAzek, Authentic Pine

StairWorld, Nat'l Hardwood Flooring & Moulding

 

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

Floors, Century Architectural Specialties,

19. PAINTS, CAULKS, & ADHESIVES

 

 

   Adhesives

      Roofing

 

   Paints & Stains

      Paint, Exterior

      Paint, Interior

 

**Source: The Sherwin-Williams Co., Slate Savers,

 

 

7

 

 

15+

15+

 

Tamko Roofing Products, Dutch Boy Paints

20. PANELS

 

 

      Hardboard

      Oriented-Strand Board

      Particleboard

      Plywood

      Softwood

      Underlayment, Flooring

      Wall Panels

 

**Source: Georgia Pacific Corp., NGS Materials,

 

30

25-30

60

60

30

25

Lifetime

 

Weyerhaeuser, James Hardie Bldg Products

21. ROOFING

 

 

   Material

      Aluminum Roof Coating

      Fiber Cement

      Asphalt

      Modified Bitumen

      Copper

      Simulated Slate

      Wood

      Clay/Concrete

      Slate

      Coal & Tar

 

**Source: Gardner-Gibson, Maxtile, National

Corp., Asphalt Roofing Mfg. Association, Johns

Authentic Roof, 208 Shake&Shingle, The Northern

Granite, Slate Savers, Koppers, Ecostar, Metals

Corporation

 

 

3-7

25

20

20

Lifetime

50

30

Lifetime

50+

30

 

Roofing Contractors Assoc., GAF Material

Manville, Metal Roof Specialties, Nycore,

Roof Tile Sales Co., Universal Marble &

USA, Northern Elastomeric, GAF Materials

 

 

Life in Years

7.  ELECTRICAL & LIGHTING

 

 

      Accessories

      Lighting Controls

 

   Copper Wiring

      Copper Plated

     

Copper Clad Aluminum

      Bare Copper

 

**Source: Lutron Electronics, Lighting Controls

   

 

10+

10+

 

 

Lifetime - if used in a non-corrosive environment

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

Association, Copper Development Assoc.

8.  ENGINEERED LUMBER

 

 

      Engineered Trim

      Laminated Strand Lumber

      Laminated Veneer Lumber

      Trusses, Floor

      Trusses, Roof

 

**Source: Engineered Wood Association,

Georgia Pacific Corp., Lumber Specialties

 

 

30

Lifetime

30+

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

 

 

9.  FAUCETS & FIXTURES

 

 

      Accessible/ADA Products

      Faucets, Bar/Hospitality

      Faucets, Kitchen Sinks

      Faucets, Lavatory

      Faucets, Tub/Shower

      Faucets, Toilets/Bidets

 

 

      Saunas/Steam Room

      Shower Doors

      Shower Enclosures/Modules

      Showerheads

      Toilets/Bidets

 

     

 

 

      Whirlpool Tubs

 

   Sinks: Kitchen & others

 

      Enamel Steel

      Modified Acrylic

      Soapstone

 

**Source: Delta Faucet Co., Grohe, Kohler Co., Moen, Plexicor (part of Karran), Toto USA, Acquinox, Alumax,

 

Lifetime

15

15

20+

20_

10 - Wear issues depending on use, new cartridges or seals

15-20

20+

50

Lifetime

Lifetime - The components inside toilet tank & valves that operate bidet will require occasional maintenance

 

20-50 - Lifespan of the rotating engine depends on the use made of the tub.

 

 

 

 

5-10

50

100+

 

Alsons, Karran, Green Mtn. Soapstone Corp., Saunastore

 

 

10.  FLOORING

 

      All Wooden Floors

      Bamboo

      Brick Pavers

      Carpet

      Concrete

      Engineered Wood

      Exotic Wood

      Granite

      Laminate

      Linoleum

      Marble

      Slate

      Tile

      Vinyl

      Other Domestic Wood

      Terrazo

 

**Source: Marble Institute of America, Berg &  National Wood Flooring Association, General

America, Concrete Designs, Formica Corp.,

Monarch Ceramic Tile

Lifetime

Lifetime

100+

8-10

50+

50+

Lifetime

100+

15-25

25

100+

100

75-100

50

Lifetime

75+

 

Berg, Dal-Tile Corporation, Floortec,

Shale Brick, Masland Carpets, Beaulieu of

Linoleumstore.com, DePaoli Mosaic,

11. FOOTINGS & FOUNDATIONS

 

      Poured Footings & Foundations

      Concrete Block

     

      Termite Proofing

     

 

     Bituminous Coating Waterproofing

      Pargeting with Ionite

 

      Baseboard System

 

   Plumbing

      Concrete Waste Pipe

      Cast Iron Waste Pipe

 

**Source: Dry Up Basement, Unexco, Cast Iron

Association, National Ready Mixed Concrete

Lifetime

Lifetime - Properly built foundations last indefinitely

"Pre-treatment during construction; longevity of treatment depends on disturbance or not of the chemical barriers in place."

If it cracks, it is immediately damaged.

It is not typical in a residential setting.  Its downfall is when it cracks.

50

 

 

100

100

 

Soil Pipe Institute, American Concrete Pipe

Association, Quikrete

 

•12.             Framing & Other Struc'l Systems

 

      Poured- Concrete Systems

      Structural Insulated Panels

      Timber Frame Homes

 

**Source: ConForm Pacific, NGS Materials, Post & Beam Factory

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

13. GARAGES

 

      Garage Door Openers

      Light Inserts

 

**Source: Wayne-Dalton Corporation

10 - 15

20

 

14. HOME TECHNOLOGY

 

      Audio, Built-in

      Heat/Smoke Detectors

 

      Home Automation Systems

      Home Networks, Wireless

      Security Systems

 

** Source: LiteTouchHome Director, HDT &

Home Seer

20

<10 - Nat'l Fire Alarm Code requires that detectors be replaced every 10 years

Lifetime

50+

5-10

 

Slomin's Home Security, Home Director,

15. HVAC

 

      Air Conditioners

      Air Quality Systems

      Boilers

      Dehumidifiers

      Ducting

      Furnaces

      Heat Pumps

      Heat Recovery Ventilators

      Thermostats

      Ventilators

      Water Heaters, Tankless

      Electric Radiant Heater

      Hot Water or Steam Radiant Heater

      Diffusers, Grilles, and Registers

      Induction and Fan-Coil Units

      Dampers

      DX, Water or Steam

      Electric

      Shell-and-Tube

      Molded Insulation

      Burners

 

 

**Source: CenterPoint Energy & Trane Resid'l

Point Energy, Air Quality Engineering, Center

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers,

& Air-Conditioning Engineers, EWC Controls,

US Dept of Energy, Radiant Electric Heat,

Magazine

10-15

15

13-21

8

10

15-20

16

20+

35

7

20+

40

15+

25

10-15

20+

20

15

20

Lifetime - Not usually used residentially.

Oil burners need more maintenance & don't last as long as gas burners.

 

System Group, Smarter Way Inc., Center

Point Energy & Luxaire Unitary Products,

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating

Fantech, No. American Insulation Mfg. Assoc.

Radiantec, Power Flame Inc, Appliance

16. INSULATION & INFILTRATION BARRIERS

 

   Insulation Material

      Cellulose

      Fiberglass

      Foam

 

   Insulation Type

      Batts/Rolls

      House Wrap

      Loose File

 

**Source: DuPont, National Fiber, Johns Manville

Insulation Manufacturer Association

 

100+

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

 

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

RHH Foam Systems, No. American

17. JOBSITE EQUIPMENT

 

 

      Ladders

      Lifts

 

**Source: Putnam Rolling Ladder Company,

 

Lifetime

8-10

 

Genie Industries

18. MOLDING & MILLWORK

 

 

      Custom Millwork

      Stair Parts

      Stairs, Circular & Spiral

      Stairs, Prebuilt

      Stairs, Attic

 

**Source: York Spiral StairAzek, Authentic Pine

StairWorld, Nat'l Hardwood Flooring & Moulding

 

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

Floors, Century Architectural Specialties,

19. PAINTS, CAULKS, & ADHESIVES

 

 

   Adhesives

      Roofing

 

   Paints & Stains

      Paint, Exterior

      Paint, Interior

 

**Source: The Sherwin-Williams Co., Slate Savers,

 

 

7

 

 

15+

15+

 

Tamko Roofing Products, Dutch Boy Paints

20. PANELS

 

 

      Hardboard

      Oriented-Strand Board

      Particleboard

      Plywood

      Softwood

      Underlayment, Flooring

      Wall Panels

 

**Source: Georgia Pacific Corp., NGS Materials,

 

30

25-30

60

60

30

25

Lifetime

 

Weyerhaeuser, James Hardie Bldg Products

21. ROOFING

 

 

   Material

      Aluminum Roof Coating

      Fiber Cement

      Asphalt

      Modified Bitumen

      Copper

      Simulated Slate

      Wood

      Clay/Concrete

      Slate

      Coal & Tar

 

**Source: Gardner-Gibson, Maxtile, National

Corp., Asphalt Roofing Mfg. Association, Johns

Authentic Roof, 208 Shake&Shingle, The Northern

Granite, Slate Savers, Koppers, Ecostar, Metals

Corporation

 

 

3-7

25

20

20

Lifetime

50

30

Lifetime

50+

30

 

Roofing Contractors Assoc., GAF Material

Manville, Metal Roof Specialties, Nycore,

Roof Tile Sales Co., Universal Marble &

USA, Northern Elastomeric, GAF Materials

22. SIDING & ACCESSORIES

 

   Material

      Brick

      Engineered Wood

      Fiber Cement

      Manufactured Stone

      Stone

      Stucco

      Vinyl

 

   Related Accessories

      Soffits/Fascias

 

      Trim

 

   Shutters

      Wood/Exterior

      Wood/Interior

      Aluminum/Interior

 

   Gutters & Downspouts

      Copper

      Aluminum

      Galvanized Steel

      Downspouts (Aluminum)

      Downspouts (Copper)

 

**Source: Boral Bricks, APA, GAF Material Corp.,

Creek Stone & Brick, Owens Corning, Genstone

Products, Blinds.com, Vixen Hill Mfg. Co., Yost

Guttersupply.com (Rain Trade Corp. division)     

 

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

50-100

Lifetime

 

 

50 - This time period applies for fascia in fiber-cement only.

25

 

 

20

15+

10+ - Sun can cause the strings to break.

 

 

50+

20

20

30

100

 

James Hardie Bldg. Products, Boulder

Enterprises, El Rey Stucco, Heartland Bldg.

Mfg. & Supply, Berger Bldg Products,

23. SITE & LANDSCAPING

 

 

      Asphalt Driveway

      Polyvinyl Fences

      Clay Paving

      Underground PVC Piping

      Valves

      Sprinklers

 

      Controllers

 

    Tennis Court

       Fast-Dry Green

      Asphalt w/Acrylic Coating

 

      Asphalt w/Acrylic Cushion Coating

 

      American Red Clay

      Fast-Dry w/Subsurface

           Irrigation Red or Green

 

   Swimming pool

      General

      Concrete Shell

      Interior Finish/Plaster

      Interior Finish/Pebble-tec

      Interior Finish/Tile

      Cleaning Equipment

      Decking

      Waterline Tile

 

**Source: Paddock Pools, Patios & Spas, Boral

Huyser, Digger Specialties, Inc., Aquatech Pools,

Products, Omega Pool Structures, Inc.

 

15-20

Lifetime

Lifetime

25

20

20 - Usually made obsolete by advances in technology.

15 - Lifespan given for areas not prone to lighting strikes

 

Lifetime

12-15 - Age before requiring major work.  Requires recoating every 5-7 years.

12-15 - Age before requiring major work.  Requires recoating every 5-7 years.

Lifetime

Lifetime - Maintenance: average 10 minutes a day per court.

 

 

Lifetime

25+

10-15

25-35

15-25

7-10

15

10

 

Bricks, Accurate Tennis, Aquatic Tech.,

Society of Professional Bldrs., Inyo Pool

24. WALLS, CEILINGS, & FINISHES

 

 

      Accoustical Ceiling

 

      Ceiling Suspension

      Ceramic Tile

      Standard Gypsum

 

**Source: Interceramicusa, US Gypsum Co.,

 

Lifetime - Moisture or movement can affect lifespan.

Lifetime

Lifetime

Lifetime

 

25. WINDOWS, SKYLIGHTS, GLASS

 

 

   Glass & Glazing Materials

      Window Glazing

 

   Windows

      Aluminum/Aluminus Clad

      Wood

 

**Source: Polygal, Gallina USA, LLC, Allied Window

 

 

10+

 

 

15-20

30+ - Some parts of the window may have to be replaced, so lifespan may vary.